1. Porto Cesareo
Porto Cesareo: A tourist destination of Salento, locally called Cisaria, is located on the Ionian Sea’s sandy coasts. The town is known for its enchanting beaches, which is extended for over 15 km and are bathed by the unmistakable crystal and clear sea. It has been recognized as the most beautiful beach in the world in 2013, also the most beautiful beach of Europe and Italy in 2014 and 2015. You can see many islands along the coast, among which the best known is "L 'Isola Grande", also called Isola dei Conigli, about 4 hectares large and very close to the coast / port. There are a lot of summer attractions and also a lot of places to visit not far from the country. Among the many: Gallipoli, Otranto, San Foca, Porto Selvaggio, Ugento, Santa Cesarea Terme, Castro...
Salento is the last part of land south of Puglia, washed by the Adriatic Sea and the Ionian Sea. In the town of Porto Cesareo there are:
- The Church of Madonna del Perpetuo Soccorso, dedicated to Santa Cesarea Vergine;
-Many Masserie: Masseria Belvedere, Colarizzo, Colmonese, Salmenta;
- Coastal towers, four built for the protection of the territory: Torre Cesarea, Torre Lapillo, Torre Chianca and Torre Castiglione (almost completely destroyed). Torre Lapillo completely visitable in which a Tourist-Environmental Center is born where you can receive further information on the natural itineraries of Salento.
- Statue of Manuela Arcuri;
- Scala di Furno north of Porto Cesareo;
- Roman Columns of Torre Chianca, on the sea bed near Torre Chianca, 7 Roman columns of marble side by side, due to a probable shipwreck of a ship carrying them;
- Museum of Marine Biology of Porto Cesareo;
- Talaxographic Museum;
- Civic Library;
- Beaches in the two rivieras, from the west and the east, both low and sandy, alternating with short stretches of cliffs and numerous bathing establishments with daily entertainment. Including Le dune, Punta Prosciutto;
- Olive groves, long stretches of olive trees in open countryside.
Other places nearby:
The karst caves, the protected oasis of the Alimini Lakes, the Torre Guaceto Nature Reserve, the Bosco Natural Park and the Rauccio marshes, the Cesine Park, the Porto Selvaggio Park and the Captain's Marsh, the island of Sant 'Andrea, the Ciolo Bridge in Santa Maria di Leuca, the churches in the Apulian Romanesque style, the historic center of Lecce, along the sea Santa Caterina-Santa Maria, Quattro Colonne, Gallipoli, Baroque architecture, Capo di Leuca ... All places rich in culture and unique shows for each patron saint of the countries, festivals and events not to be missed.
3. The Culture of Salento
Salento, originally called Messapia by the Greeks (Earth between two seas), is characterized in various aspects: culinary, architectural, folk and food and wine, boasting of owning the most famous DOC wines, exalting an excellent and appreciated culture. Moreover, it is rich in dialects that vary from country to country and distinguish it from the region; in the central area of Salento we speak a dialect called grecanico or griko . The typical cuisine of Salento is enclosed in dishes based on vegetables, meat and fish, all spontaneously offered by the land and the sea. Among the many typical goodness we find: the small pieces of horse, the ciciri and tria (homemade pasta with chickpeas and wild vegetables), the rustic (sfoglia with béchamel sauce, mozzarella and tomato), the calzone , also known as panzerotto, frize, locally called friseddhre (rusk bread often accompanied by tomatoes), the pittule , the potato pitta , the pasticciotto leccese, the spumone .
4. Musical traditions: the pizzica
The pizzica, or also pizzica pizzica , was born in ancient times as a healing ritual of tarantate, or women who considered themselves clamps, then poisoned, from the tarantula. This music served as an antidote to salvation. Among the many choreographies of this dance we find the pizzica-fencing , or also sword dance , sometimes between two men to contend the woman, or between man and woman, as form of courtship, or between woman and woman. Typical costumes and dialectal pieces complete this ritual that is now a cultural phenomenon of Salento of international fame.